Alachua COunty jail History. Hardin escaped but his parents were placed in protective custody while Joseph Hardin J and "Bud" and Tom Dixson were arrested on outstanding warrents; in July a mob lynched Joseph Hardin Jr and the Dixson brothers. State seals were found to have been in Joseph hardin Jr possesion-apparenly he had forged Bills of Lading so as to help his brother sell stolen Texas cattle in Kansas.
After his brother's lynching Hardin claimed to have drove off a squad of men that came after him when he killed one of them. On July 1, Hardin claimed that after being trailed by 17 Texas Rangers that he drove them off after killing one of them. However on June 1, a Texas Rangers company did kill Hardin's cousins [[ Alexander Barekman ] and [[ Alexander "Ham" Anderson ]] in a gunfight and claimed to have wounded Hardin as well.
Shortly afterward, Hardin and a new companion, Mac Young, were suspected of horse thievery, and were pursued by a posse near Bellville, in Austin County, Texas. Between April and November Hardin claimed in Jacksonville Florida he was tipped off by local law officers that the Pinkertons Detective Agency was after him and that on the Florida-Georgia Border he was involved in a gunfight with the Pinkerton "Gang" in which two of them were killed.
Hardin killed one and blinded the other. New York Tribune October 14, In November on election night in Mobile Alabama Hardin claimed that he and an ex Jacksonville Policeman named Gus Kennedy were involved in a Saloon gunfight with Mobile Police in which one person was killed and two wounded and that although they were both arrested-they were soon freed. Swain" was captured on a train by Texas Rangers. A companion of Hardin named Mann who fired on the rangers was killed. IN he also received a concurrant two years sentence for killing Morgan in Cureo Texas. A december account reports that besides Inditments for murder in Trinity, Comanche and Wilson Counties, Hardin was also indiated for assaualt with intent to murder in Navarona and Smith Counties Texas.
Hardin was released February 17, and pardoned March 16, On July 21, Hardin passed the Texas bar exam to become a lawyer. By this time he was a widower his wife Jane Bowen having died November 6, and he remarried again on January 9, to Carolyn "Callie" Lewis age 15; however they soon seperated. Selman Jr arrested Hardin's girlfriend M'Rose for branishing a gun in public.
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After an arguement with the senior Selman August 19, Hardin went to shoot dice at the Acme Saloon. Selman Sr came up behind Hardin and shot him in the back of the head and through the chest.
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Hardin's last words were "Four Sixes to beat"; an urban legend is that supposedly there was a question as to weather Hardin was shot shot first in either the head or the chest-"If he was shot in the chest it was good markmanship; if he was shot in the back of the head it was good judgement. A possible relation was a Will Hardin ] who killed a negro cowboy in a gunfight in Indian Terrority. Unkown if he was related to John Wesley Hardin. James Burch killed October 10, Sign In Don't have an account?
Start a Wiki. Categories :. So where does this gunfighter myth come from, you may ask, and what prompted Hardin's tragic downfall? In our interview, Marohn put it this way: "Early in Hardin's life, there was cultural support for this kind of behavior. It was still the Wild West.
John Wesley Hardin
There were still sides to be taken around the Union-Confederate issue, in black-white issues, and in family feuds. Hardin was celebrating his 21st birthday when he ran into a deputy sheriff named Charley Webb and shot him dead. Hardin's cousins pumped more bullets into Webb's body as it slumped against a wall.
An angry mob swelled on the street, clamoring for Hardin's blood. Shots were fired. Somebody said something about a rope. Hardin escaped, but some of his friends and relatives weren't so lucky. All told, five men were killed by vigilante violence. Three years and at least a half dozen killings later, the Texas Rangers caught up with Hardin aboard a train in Florida. In a highly publicized and controversial trial, Hardin was found guilty of second degree murder in the killing in Comanche.
He served 16 years at Huntsville before being paroled and released. In early , he received a full pardon from Governor Jim Hogg. Hardin briefly tried going straight, practicing law and shunning drink.
John Wesley Hardin is pardoned
He moved to wild and woolly El Paso. Bad idea.
Toward the end of the 19th century, as the rest of the state began to mellow and become more civilized, El Paso just got wilder. It was no place for an aging gunfighter to go straight. Hardin took up drinking again. He got involved in local intrigues, had an affair with a notorious prostitute, and held up several saloons after complaining that their games were fixed. He paced back and forth in his room, practicing his fast-draw in front of a mirror.
He handed out autographed playing cards he'd shot holes through. He beat up his girlfriend. He broke down and cried in front of his landlady.
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He bragged in public that he'd hired a local lawman to kill someone, then had a retraction printed in the paper, saying he'd been drunk at the time. Somehow, he also found the time to finish his autobiography. Much has been written about this period of Hardin's life, as a lot of wild things were going on in El Paso besides the sordid flameout of a haunted gunman. Consequently, there are many different theories about the events that led up to his death. Witnesses say the actual shooting went down like this: Around 11pm the evening of August 19, , John Wesley Hardin was playing dice with grocer H.
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Brown in the Acme Saloon in El Paso. A shadow darkened the doorway at Hardin's back. The shadow belonged to Constable John Selman, himself a notorious mankiller with a dark past. The other patrons in the saloon quit talking. The only sounds came from the two men throwing dice, at 25cents a throw. Selman pointed his six-shooter at the back of Hardin's head. His trip from Comanche, where the jury had convicted him for the murder of Brown County Deputy Sheriff Charlie Webb, was in some ways a triumphal procession rather than a trip to the purgatory of Huntsville.
Crowds would come all along the route to see us, especially in Palestine. Prison records described him as 5 feet 9 inches tall and pounds, fair complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair with numerous wound scars. Set to work in the wheelwright shop, Hardin immediately joined an effort to tunnel into the armory, seize guns and ammunition and stage a mass prison break. The plan was discovered, and Hardin and nine other convicts spent fifteen days in chains in the hole. Though Hardin and his friends later claimed he was model inmate, the official record suggests otherwise. There are at least seven entries chronicling offenses ranging from mutiny, to enticing to riot, to attempted escape.
He claimed to have become a serious reader and to have studied theology. The last entry in the book was a copy of a letter from Huntsville lawyer A. McKinney listing law texts Hardin could study. In , Hardin devised a way to leave the prison, if only for a short time, and see his family. He was still under indictment in DeWitt County for the murder of J.
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Morgan, and when he offered to plead guilty to a manslaughter charge, the county attorney agreed. A few months later Jane Bowen Hardin died. A lawyer named W. Whether that was a factor is not clear, but on February 17, , after almost sixteen years in the penitentiary, John Wesley Hardin left Huntsville with a full and complete pardon signed by Governor James S. The pardon and restoration of citizenship issued to Hardin by Governor Hogg in that released Hardin from the penitentiary.